Rev War Sites in the OED | Olde English District

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Rev War Sites in the OED

First, a little background...

During the years from 1780 until the end of the American Revolution, the Olde English District was a hotbed of revolutionary activity. The loyalists ( locals who remained loyal to the British crown) and the Patriots fought the battles of the American Revolution on the soil of the Olde English District. These patriots believed that the strong arm of the British rule was not in keeping with the divine rights of the common man. George Washington as commander of the Continental Army ordered his ablest general, Nathanael Greene to take command of the march through the south. Greene’s opposition- General Charles Cornwallis. 

General Greene divided his army into two groups- sending 600 soldiers under the command of General Daniel Morgan into South Carolina. General Cornwallis sent Banastre Tarlton in pursuit of Morgan. The British believed that with the help of the loyalists that victory in the South would be theirs!

Morgan and his men fought the british Redcoats in grueling battles across the countryside. Even when the Americans were outnumbered, they charged against the enemy. Greene was able to weaken the British. After the exhausting battles in the south, Cornwallis retreated to Virginia.

In Yorktown, Virginia, Cornwallis will meet his defeat at the hands of the French reinforcements and the Continental Army.  


American Revolution Battles in the Olde English District

Chester County:

Battle of Beckhamville- May/June 1780

Battle of Fishdam Ford- November 1780

Battle of Fishing Creek- August 1780

Kershaw County:

Battle of Hobkirk’s Hill- April 1781

Battle of Camden- 1780

Lancaster County:

Battle of Hanging Rock- August 1780

Buford’s Battleground - May 1780

Union County:

Blackstock Battlefield- 1780

York County:

Kings Mountain- 1780

Historic Brattonsville

Trip 1:

Lancaster County to Kershaw County

 

Start this trip in Indian Land on Hwy 521. Make sure you get a big breakfast or lunch at Le Peeps and then head over to Henry Harris Rd to check out Six Mile Creek Cemetery. Colonel William Hagins, Captain Hugh Coffee, and Lieutenant Drury Watson from the Rev War are buried here. There’s currently a restoration project underway, so you might catch a volunteer and listen to some great stories, like this cemetery’s link to the Mayflower. 

Get back on 521 South and head to Andrew Jackson State Park. Check out the museum and learn all about life in the Carolina Backcountry during Revolutionary times and how it helped mold our 7th president. 

Next up hit the downtown area of Lancaster area for some BBQ at 521 BBQ and check out the Native American Studies Center next door to learn more about the role Native Americans had in this area and during the Rev War. 

Head out Hwy 9 and 522 to the site of Buford’s Massacre Battleground. This was a turning point in the Southern campaign for a reason! Read more about it here: Buford’s Massacre

Catch Hwy 522 back to Hwy 521 towards Camden. When you hit Heath Springs, head straight onto Flat Rock Road. This will take you by the Battle of Hanging Rock Historic Site. This is also a fantastic country drive chopped full of beautiful Longleaf Pines and pastoral scenery. 

On the same road and as you’re about to enter Camden, you’ll come to the Camden Battlefield and Longleaf Preserve. You can download a self guided tour here and walk the trails imagining the action happening all around you. It’s a phenomenal experience! 

Head on into Camden and grab something to eat at a wide variety of great, non-chain restaurants, like Salud Mexican Kitchen and Tequila Bar or Sam Kendall’s. You can park downtown and walk around to plenty of antique and speciality shops too! You can even download a variety of self guided tours and maps if you’d like to learn more about South Carolina’s oldest inland city.

Just down the road is Historic Camden and the Cornwallis House. This is another must do tour available Tuesdays through Saturdays. And their annual Rev War Days is a must!

 

Another must to wrap up your trip is a stop at the Camden Archives and Museum. The museum has a constant fresh collection going for history lovers and the Ross E. Beard Gun Collection features guns from throughout time and geography having been used all over the world in various battles, including the American Revolutionary War. Go. Enjoy.

Trip 2:

Chester County to York County to Union County 

Start this journey in Great Falls to see the fields that remain of the Battle of Beckhamville, Battle of Fishdam Ford, and the Battle of Fishing Creek. The three sites have placards to indicate location. Fishdam Ford and Fishing Creek both have lovely access to great water views. Great Falls has a great little place to eat called The Flopeye Diner. 

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Leave Great Falls and head to downtown Chester to visit the Chester County Historic Society Museum in the old 1914 county jail. Ask for a guided tour to glean the most information about life in this area during the Rev War and see the War Room below. The museum is open Wednesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays from 10am-3pm.While in Chester, you can grab some delicious grub from longtime local favorite restaurant, The Cyclone. 

Next you can hit the backroad (hwy 909 & 165) from Chester County to McConnells in York County to check out Historic Brattonsville, site of the Battle of Huck’s Defeat. This 775-acre living history farm offers over 30 historical structures and features backcountry life programming throughout the year, like sheep shearing and hog butchering days. 

Head on to York afterwards for a fabulous meal on the porch at The Garden Cafe or a lovely coffee at York County Roastery. 

Kings Mountain State Park and Kings Mountain National Park come next straddling the line between North and South Carolina. The Battle of Kings Mountain was another important turning point battle in the Southern Campaign. The state park offers camping, fishing, and swimming to round out your stay in the area.

From there, head south into Union County towards Blackstock Battlefield near Cross Keys. Don’t forget to visit the Union County Museum if you pass through the city and eat at destination BBQ, Midway BBQ in Buffalo. It’s worth the extra effort! Try the hash on white bread or the incredible chicken stew!

Blackstock Battlefield has a wonderful 1.3 mile loop to check out the scene and imagine the battle. There’s a historical marker to find your place.

Lastly, head to Battle of Musgrove Mill State Historic Site to learn about the action in the battle of Musgrove Mill. There are plenty of gentle trails across rolling rolls to explore and a fantastic interpreting staff to answer questions. Don’t forget to cool off or explore more across the river at the rapids...just ask the rangers for directions.